Government-insured loans usually offer low down payments and below-market interest rates, as well as easier credit and income guidelines than conventional loans. That may make them a good option for first-time homebuyers, for borrowers with low to moderate incomes, or those with limited cash or minor credit problems.
- Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans: FHA loans allow qualified borrowers to purchase a home with a down payment of as little as 3.5% of the purchase price. There are several types of FHA loans. In addition to fixed loans and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs), FHA loans also include graduated payment mortgages and growing equity mortgages for borrows who expect their monthly earnings to increase over time. In addition, the Energy Efficient Mortgage (EEM) program allows borrowers to include the cost of energy efficiency improvements into their FHA loan.